Natalia Gutman

Born in Kazan into a family of musicians, Natalia Gutman received a cello shortly before her fifth birthday. Upon moving with her family to Moscow, she studied with Galina Kozolupova and as a graduate (‘aspirant’) with Mstislav Rostropivich. “He took his teaching very seriously. We didn’t have that many lessons, but each of them was an unforgettable experience. He took all the time in the world for each student, and he adapted his methods to the particular needs. He showed an infinite imagination for finding the right image.” Natalia´s grandfather, violinist Anisim Berlin (a student of Leopold Auer) was another big influence during her formative years, as was Richter, whom she first heard play at the age of 14. “Instantly, he seemed a kind of musical god to me. I could hardly believe it when I was able to play with him years later.” This admiration was reciprocal: Richter (who died in 1997) once expressed his admiration for Gutman by calling her ‘an incarnation of truthfulness in music’. Fellow cellist Gaspar Cassadò waxed lyrical about her as ‘a delicate flower, with the roots of an oak’.

By the time she studied with Rostropovich, Natalia was already an old competition hand, having won the gold medal at the Vienna Seventh World Youth Festival in 1959. In 1964 she took Third Prize in the Tchaikovsky Competition and two years later won the International Dvoràk Competition, held as part of the Prague Spring Festival.

A major breakthrough came in 1967, when she won the ARD (German Radio) Competition in Munich, typically not in the solo category, but as a cello and piano duo (with pianist Alexei Nassedkin). “The jury came to us after the semi-finals and started congratulating us; we were expecting to be told what to play in the last round, and it only dawned on us slowly that they had already awarded us the first price!” Reporting on the competition, the Munich press spoke of ‘chamber music in its most sublime form’ and of ‘playing which combines the highest art with the most intense expression. Natalia Gutman is surely the most self-contained cellist we have ever heard; she is a past mistress of that elusive art of holding back in sheer volume without losing expressive force or intensity.’ The Debussy Sonata played at this competition has been published on LCL 203.

During most of her ensuing concert career, Natalia has played a cello thought to be by Montagnana, but she has now gone back to her first instrument, which is “certainly old, and possibly Italian; it belonged to my stepfather, who believed it to be a Rugeri, but of course, you can never know for sure. As it looks, I made made a speciality of playing on instruments of uncertain pedigree!” Natalia’s repertoire includes many pieces that were written for her. She is particularly glad to have known Schnittke, who dedicated his First Sonata (now published on LCL 203) and his First Cello Concerto to her. ‘The Sonata came as a complete surprise: in 1978 Schnittke had been working on his Third Violin Concerto (scored for violin, piano and 13 winds), which my husband had commissioned as a companion piece to Alban Berg’s Chamber Concerto, and when he came along to deliver the finished composition, he casually said: By the way, I’ve brought this as well!”

Other composers who have written for Natalia include Edison Denisov (a Sonata and Three Pieces, both with piano accompaniment) and Sofia Gubaidulina (Rejoice!, for violin and cello – recorded on LCL 121) as well as the Romanian Anatol Vieru. Natalia Gutman has fond memories of her only meeting with Dmitri Shostakovich. “It was in 1974, when he had just finished his 15th Quartet. He badly wanted to hear it in the flesh, but Sergej Shirinsky, the cellist of the Beethoven Quartet, was ill – in fact he died soon thereafter. Shostakovich asked Oleg and me to come along with two colleagues and play the piece for him at this home. He was very generous and full of praise, and just thanked us very heartily.” Although Natalia’s repertoire reaches back to the oldest music written for cello, she feels that ‘early music’ (by which she means everything up to and including the Haydn concertos) can no longer be played in the traditional manner. “I used to play Bach as I did everything else, but I’ve come to realise that you need a completely different set of rules for his music. I would love to take the time to work with somebody like Anner Bylsma, from whom I could learn the secrets of period performance. I already have a Baroque bow, which of course dictates its own rules regarding articulation and phrasing. Relearning the Fifth Suite in scordatura proved really difficult, because old reflexes kept coming back, but the piece wins a lot from it acquiring a completely different colour. I also have a five-string instrument for the Sixth Suite, which was made for me by Wolfgang Schnabel in Augsburg. I still haven’t played it in public – travelling with two instruments is a real problem – but I am working at it. People keep asking me to record the Bach suites, and I still say it’s too early!”